We have a dream to see the entire world united through a democratically elected World Parliament. This would be a great step towards a world without borders and, consequently, without the need for passport or Visa. Free movement from one corner of the world to another. A first direct benefit of global democracy: we would then be free as birds. Apart from that, we should elaborate on further reasons to build global democracy.
Fulfillment of Five Basic Needs
At present 50% of the world’s population lives below poverty line, if we define the global poverty line as spending less or earning less than 1 $ per day. And global inequalities are gross and increasing. According to the summary of a report from January 2014 by Oxfam International, “almost half of the world’s wealth is now owned by just one percent of the population” and “the bottom half of the world’s population owns the same as the richest 85 people in the world”. Also the global standard of health and education leave much to be desired, not to talk of many other fields.
We consider that each and every person must have fundamental right to Roti, Kapada, Makan (Food, Clothing and Shelter). To that, we add also other basic needs of health and education. Because unless a human being is healthy and well educated there can’t be any progress or growth. Healthy human bodies and also healthy minds is the positive outcome of good health care and education.
If there were global democracy and no national borders to protect by military, then imagine the financial and human resources that could become free for other useful profession. According to Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) the “World military expenditure totalled $1.75 trillion in 2013”. This is more than 50 times the entire budget of the United Nations. If the world is united these huge resources can instead be used to help eradicate extreme poverty and build world wide social security schemes.
A global democratic structure will help our government form policies and take steps in the right directions towards the eradication of poverty, starvation, malnutrition and illiteracy. Education as a human birth right will increase employment opportunities for all human beings, and will give our coming generations a healthier mind and brain and body, so that they will be able to live comfortably on their own earned resources. If earnestly adopted, I am convinced that this progress will make poverty history.
Global Economic Equilibrium
Furthermore, a World Parliament and global democratization would give mankind better opportunities to use our global resources, both natural and man made, in a fairer and more sustainable way. Through a proper allocation of resources to all parts of the world we would be able to strentghen welfare and stability also of national and local communities. This would also reduce the flow of people who are today forced to flee from war and poverty.
Terrorism is to a degree a product of poverty and illiteracy. Many nations or locations have become breeding ground for terrorism. If there were no national borders the world would be united into one entity, economic equilibrium would be achieved, poverty minimized, and equal oppourtunity for education provided. This would most likely make people less inclined to engage in networks that use acts of violence and terrorism to get political influence. An education based on the principles of freedom of thought and universal equaliy would instead motivate people to solve their conflicts in non violent and democratic ways.
Tax havens have become a big problems to many countries and budgets of our world. Banks which offer their customers highest secrecy and privacy help many rich capital holders avoid paying tax. Money that should be used to build welfare for all are instead accumulated in the hands of very few. While banks then are getting richer, our communities are getting poorer. Crores of rupees are stashed away. It is a problem not only of the wealthiest nations, but also of developing countries, and even of the poorest nations, where rulers amass disproportionate assets and deprive the common people of their country of their legitimate right to even basic needs.
Because our present world is fragmented into around 200 countries, the tax havens can easily exist and provide constant opportunities for tax avoidance. But if our world is united, then we can close down these tax havens and instead invest our riches in our common economy.
This subject needs some further elaboration even though it has already been discussed above in relation to the eradication of poverty. During the decades of Cold War the global arms race was mainly driven by the conflict between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, but also to lesser degree by the respective allies of the two super powers. After the end of the Cold War there was a decline in global military spending during the 90’s. But then again we have seen a steady rise again in many parts of the world, especially after the 9/11 terror attack. As already pointed out the amount of money that the world spends on military is more than 50 times the entire UN budget. These military arsenals of course include a wide range of weapons, from small arms to chemical weapons and nuclear arms. Many weapons, such as drones, are becoming more and more technologically advanced and demand huge investments in research.
Crores of rupees are being spent on armament around the world. Almost every country spends a sizable % of their budget on their military buildup. As shown under point 1 billions of rupees can be spared resulting into generation of tremendous financial resources and also human resources which can in turn be utilized for other fruitful activities.
The concept of global democracy is not new. Plenty of institutes, groups and individuals are working since decades in this direction. Lots of books, articles, essay, and even a World constitution, have been written. The need is of creating awareness and this write up is a small step in that direction.
May God bless us with understanding and wisdom.